スポンサーサイト 

上記の広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。
新しい記事を書く事で広告が消せます。

性的指向,論争,そして,科学 

性的指向,論争,そして,科学
Sexual Orientation, Controversy, and Science.


Bailey JM, Vasey PL, Diamond LM, Breedlove SM, Vilain E, Epprecht M.


Bailey JMは,このような論文を書く人です。
しかも,55ページもあります。


Psychol Sci Public Interest. 2016 Sep;17(2):45-101. doi: 10.1177/1529100616637616.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27113562


Abstract


Summary


Ongoing political controversies around the world exemplify a long-standing and widespread preoccupation with the acceptability of homosexuality.
Nonheterosexual people have seen dramatic surges both in their rights and in positive public opinion in many Western countries. In contrast, in much of Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean, Oceania, and parts of Asia, homosexual behavior remains illegal and severely punishable, with some countries retaining the death penalty for it.

Political controversies about sexual orientation have often overlapped with scientific controversies.
That is, participants on both sides of the sociopolitical debates have tended to believe that scientific findings-and scientific truths-about sexual orientation matter a great deal in making political decisions.

The most contentious scientific issues have concerned the causes of sexual orientation-that is, why are some people heterosexual, others bisexual, and others homosexual?
The actual relevance of these issues to social, political, and ethical decisions is often poorly justified, however.


Bailey JM
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Michael_Bailey
http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/JMichael-Bailey/research.html



スポンサーサイト

性器を超えた性別:人間の脳のモザイク 

性器を超えた性別:人間の脳のモザイク
Sex beyond the genitalia: The human brain mosaic.


Joel D, Berman Z, Tavor I, Wexler N, Gaber O, Stein Y, Shefi N, Pool J, Urchs S, Margulies DS, Liem F, Hänggi J, Jäncke L, Assaf Y.

下記のJoelの方法とは,この論文の事です。
下記の論文のJ. Michael Baileyが有名な人なの知っている。
でも信用出来ません。
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26984493
つまり,こちらの方が正しそうなのです。

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Dec 15;112(50):15468-73. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1509654112. Epub 2015 Nov 30.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26621705
http://www.pnas.org/content/112/50/15468.long
タダで全論文読める。

Abstract

Whereas a categorical difference in the genitals has always been acknowledged, the question of how far these categories extend into human biology is still not resolved.


Documented sex/gender differences in the brain are often taken as support of a sexually dimorphic view of human brains ("female brain" or "male brain").


However, such a distinction would be possible only if sex/gender differences in brain features were highly dimorphic (i.e., little overlap between the forms of these features in males and females) and internally consistent (i.e., a brain has only "male" or only "female" features).


Here, analysis of MRIs of more than 1,400 human brains from four datasets reveals extensive overlap between the distributions of females and males for all gray matter, white matter, and connections assessed.


Moreover, analyses of internal consistency reveal that brains with features that are consistently at one end of the "maleness-femaleness" continuum are rare.


Rather, most brains are comprised of unique "mosaics" of features, some more common in females compared with males, some more common in males compared with females, and some common in both females and males.


Our findings are robust across sample, age, type of MRI, and method of analysis.


These findings are corroborated by a similar analysis of personality traits, attitudes, interests, and behaviors of more than 5,500 individuals, which reveals that internal consistency is extremely rare.


Our study demonstrates that, although there are sex/gender differences in the brain, human brains do not belong to one of two distinct categories: male brain/female brain.


ジョエルらの,方法では,系統的に,性差を認識できないでしょう。 

Joel et al.'s method systematically fails to detect large, consistent sex differences.

ただ,でない。
変なタイトル。
持っているけど,訳分かりません。

J. Michael Baileyが有名な人なの知っている。

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26984493



性的サディズム障害  及川卓 4 

性的サディズム障害  及川卓 4


鑑別診断と併発疾患
SM 8 01


及川卓
http://www.amazon.co.jp/%E3%81%93%E3%81%93%E3%82%8D%E3%81%A8%E3%81%8B%E3%82%89%E3%81%A0%E3%81%AE%E6%80%A7%E7%A7%91%E5%AD%A6-%E3%81%93%E3%81%93%E3%82%8D%E3%81%AE%E3%83%A9%E3%82%A4%E3%83%96%E3%83%A9%E3%83%AA%E3%83%BC-%E6%B7%B1%E6%B4%A5-%E4%BA%AE/dp/4791104447/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1434958225&sr=1-1
https://www.google.co.jp/search?hl=ja&source=hp&q=%E5%8F%8A%E5%B7%9D%E5%8D%93&gbv=2&oq=%E5%8F%8A%E5%B7%9D%E5%8D%93&gs_l=heirloom-hp.13..0l10.9499.9499.0.22509.1.1.0.0.0.0.262.262.2-1.1.0....0...1ac.1.34.heirloom-hp..0.1.262.U8N5XxJLh6w
http://www.psycho-therapy.org/04member/member012.html


性的サディズム障害  及川卓 3 

性的サディズム障害  及川卓 3


発達と経過
SM 7 01

上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。